Tuesday, September 7, 2021

The youngest, modern-est**, most beautiful-est ... and 'wealthiest'

Previous posts have considered the distinction between owning an asset as joint tenants compared to tenants in common.

One aspect of the rules in relation to joint tenancy that can arise in tragic circumstances is where two (or more) people die in the same incident, or indeed in unrelated incidents, and it is not possible to determine the order of deaths.

In these circumstances, in all Australian states other than South Australia, there is legislation deeming the deaths to have occurred in order of oldest to youngest. This means the youngest person will be entitled to 100% of the assets formerly owned as joint tenants.

These rules apply where the court determines that the order of death is uncertain (for example, see Re Comfort; Re Tinkler; Equity Trustees Executors & Agency Co Ltd v Cameron [1947] VLR 237).

South Australia also has a unique approach (in Australia) in relation to perpetuity periods, having essentially abolished the rule against perpetuities (which is generally 80 years) and allowing trusts to potentially last indefinitely.

The decision of In the Estate of Graham William Dawson (Deceased) and Teresa Veronica Dawson (Deceased) [2016] SASC 89, arguably best summarises the position in South Australia where multiple joint tenant owners of an asset die.

While acknowledging that the law in this area has essentially been ‘frozen’ for over 100 years, the court held that the existing rules continued to apply because no legislation had been introduced in South Australia changing the position. This meant the assets owned as joint tenants passed undivided into the respective estates for the 2 owners.

Interestingly, again due to legislation in states other than South Australia, companies can also own assets with other parties as a joint tenant.

As usual, please contact me if you would like access to any of the content mentioned in this post.

** for the trainspotters, the title today is riffed from the Silverchair song ‘Young modern station’. View hear (sic):